Kricket

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Kricket

Alternative Schreibung Kricket. Grammatik Substantiv (Neutrum) · Genitiv Singular: Crickets · wird nur im Singular verwendet. Aussprache Fehler. Worttrennung. Fußball, Kricket, Rugby, Golf: Nennen Sie uns eine Sportart - die Chancen stehen gut, dass wir Briten sie erfunden bzw. die Regeln dazu aufgestellt haben oder. Als Cricket-Spezialisten -Net World Sports liefern die beste Cricketausrüstung für alle Ebenen. Schauen Sie sich unsere Palette an Cricket-Netze und Käfige an.

Kricket – Wie geht das?

Cricket (engl. [ˈkɹɪkɪt]; in Deutschland amtlich Kricket, in den Anfängen auch „​Thorball“) ist ein Schlagballspiel mit zwei Mannschaften. Dabei dreht sich alles. Many translated example sentences containing "Kricket" – English-German dictionary and search engine for English translations. Alternative Schreibung Kricket. Grammatik Substantiv (Neutrum) · Genitiv Singular: Crickets · wird nur im Singular verwendet. Aussprache Fehler. Worttrennung.

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The three stumps are aligned centrally on the bowling crease, which is eight feet eight inches long. The popping crease is drawn four feet in front of the bowling crease and parallel to it; although it is drawn as a twelve-foot line six feet either side of the wicket , it is, in fact, unlimited in length.

The return creases are drawn at right angles to the popping crease so that they intersect the ends of the bowling crease; each return crease is drawn as an eight-foot line, so that it extends four feet behind the bowling crease, but is also, in fact, unlimited in length.

Before a match begins, the team captains who are also players toss a coin to decide which team will bat first and so take the first innings.

A match with four scheduled innings is played over three to five days; a match with two scheduled innings is usually completed in a single day.

The exception to this is if a batsman has any type of illness or injury restricting his or her ability to run, in this case the batsman is allowed a runner who can run between the wickets when the batsman hits a scoring run or runs, [68] though this does not apply in international cricket.

The main objective of each team is to score more runs than their opponents but, in some forms of cricket, it is also necessary to dismiss all of the opposition batsmen in their final innings in order to win the match, which would otherwise be drawn.

If the team that bats last scores enough runs to win, it is said to have "won by n wickets", where n is the number of wickets left to fall.

For example, a team that passes its opponents' total having lost six wickets i. In a two-innings-a-side match, one team's combined first and second innings total may be less than the other side's first innings total.

The team with the greater score is then said to have "won by an innings and n runs", and does not need to bat again: n is the difference between the two teams' aggregate scores.

If the team batting last is all out, and both sides have scored the same number of runs, then the match is a tie ; this result is quite rare in matches of two innings a side with only 62 happening in first-class matches from the earliest known instance in until January In the traditional form of the game, if the time allotted for the match expires before either side can win, then the game is declared a draw.

If the match has only a single innings per side, then a maximum number of overs applies to each innings. Such a match is called a " limited overs " or "one-day" match, and the side scoring more runs wins regardless of the number of wickets lost, so that a draw cannot occur.

If this kind of match is temporarily interrupted by bad weather, then a complex mathematical formula, known as the Duckworth—Lewis—Stern method after its developers, is often used to recalculate a new target score.

A one-day match can also be declared a "no-result" if fewer than a previously agreed number of overs have been bowled by either team, in circumstances that make normal resumption of play impossible; for example, wet weather.

In all forms of cricket, the umpires can abandon the match if bad light or rain makes it impossible to continue. The innings ending with 's' in both singular and plural form is the term used for each phase of play during a match.

Depending on the type of match being played, each team has either one or two innings. Sometimes all eleven members of the batting side take a turn to bat but, for various reasons, an innings can end before they have all done so.

The innings terminates if the batting team is "all out", a term defined by the Laws: "at the fall of a wicket or the retirement of a batsman, further balls remain to be bowled but no further batsman is available to come in".

An innings may end early while there are still two not out batsmen: [65]. The Laws state that, throughout an innings, "the ball shall be bowled from each end alternately in overs of 6 balls".

At this point, another bowler is deployed at the other end, and the fielding side changes ends while the batsmen do not.

A bowler cannot bowl two successive overs, although a bowler can and usually does bowl alternate overs, from the same end, for several overs which are termed a "spell".

The batsmen do not change ends at the end of the over, and so the one who was non-striker is now the striker and vice versa.

The umpires also change positions so that the one who was at "square leg" now stands behind the wicket at the non-striker's end and vice versa.

Protective clothing includes pads designed to protect the knees and shins , batting gloves or wicket-keeper's gloves for the hands, a safety helmet for the head and a box for male players inside the trousers to protect the crotch area.

The only fielders allowed to wear protective gear are those in positions very close to the batsman i. Subject to certain variations, on-field clothing generally includes a collared shirt with short or long sleeves; long trousers; woolen pullover if needed ; cricket cap for fielding or a safety helmet; and spiked shoes or boots to increase traction.

The kit is traditionally all white and this remains the case in Test and first-class cricket but, in limited overs cricket, team colours are worn instead.

White balls are mainly used in limited overs cricket , especially in matches played at night, under floodlights left.

The essence of the sport is that a bowler delivers i. The bat is made of wood, usually salix alba white willow , and has the shape of a blade topped by a cylindrical handle.

The blade must not be more than 4. The ball has a "seam": six rows of stitches attaching the leather shell of the ball to the string and cork interior.

The seam on a new ball is prominent and helps the bowler propel it in a less predictable manner. During matches, the quality of the ball deteriorates to a point where it is no longer usable; during the course of this deterioration, its behaviour in flight will change and can influence the outcome of the match.

Players will, therefore, attempt to modify the ball's behaviour by modifying its physical properties. Polishing the ball and wetting it with sweat or saliva is legal, even when the polishing is deliberately done on one side only to increase the ball's swing through the air , but the acts of rubbing other substances into the ball, scratching the surface or picking at the seam are illegal ball tampering.

During normal play, thirteen players and two umpires are on the field. Two of the players are batsmen and the rest are all eleven members of the fielding team.

The other nine players in the batting team are off the field in the pavilion. The image with overlay below shows what is happening when a ball is being bowled and which of the personnel are on or close to the pitch.

One of the two umpires 1; wearing white hat is stationed behind the wicket 2 at the bowler's 4 end of the pitch. The bowler 4 is bowling the ball 5 from his end of the pitch to the batsman 8 at the other end who is called the "striker".

The other batsman 3 at the bowling end is called the "non-striker". The wicket-keeper 10 , who is a specialist, is positioned behind the striker's wicket 9 and behind him stands one of the fielders in a position called " first slip " While the bowler and the first slip are wearing conventional kit only, the two batsmen and the wicket-keeper are wearing protective gear including safety helmets, padded gloves and leg guards pads.

While the umpire 1 in shot stands at the bowler's end of the pitch, his colleague stands in the outfield, usually in or near the fielding position called " square leg ", so that he is in line with the popping crease 7 at the striker's end of the pitch.

The bowling crease not numbered is the one on which the wicket is located between the return creases The bowler 4 intends to hit the wicket 9 with the ball 5 or, at least, to prevent the striker 8 from scoring runs.

The striker 8 intends, by using his bat, to defend his wicket and, if possible, to hit the ball away from the pitch in order to score runs.

Some players are skilled in both batting and bowling, or as either or these as well as wicket-keeping, so are termed all-rounders.

Bowlers are classified according to their style, generally as fast bowlers , seam bowlers or spinners. Batsmen are classified according to whether they are right-handed or left-handed.

Of the eleven fielders, three are in shot in the image above. The other eight are elsewhere on the field, their positions determined on a tactical basis by the captain or the bowler.

Fielders often change position between deliveries, again as directed by the captain or bowler. If a fielder is injured or becomes ill during a match, a substitute is allowed to field instead of him, but the substitute cannot bowl or act as a captain, except in the case of concussion substitutes in international cricket.

Most bowlers are considered specialists in that they are selected for the team because of their skill as a bowler, although some are all-rounders and even specialist batsmen bowl occasionally.

The specialists bowl several times during an innings but may not bowl two overs consecutively. If the captain wants a bowler to "change ends", another bowler must temporarily fill in so that the change is not immediate.

A bowler reaches his delivery stride by means of a "run-up" and an over is deemed to have begun when the bowler starts his run-up for the first delivery of that over, the ball then being "in play".

This type of delivery can deceive a batsman into miscuing his shot, for example, so that the ball just touches the edge of the bat and can then be "caught behind" by the wicket-keeper or a slip fielder.

A spinner will often "buy his wicket" by "tossing one up" in a slower, steeper parabolic path to lure the batsman into making a poor shot.

The batsman has to be very wary of such deliveries as they are often "flighted" or spun so that the ball will not behave quite as he expects and he could be "trapped" into getting himself out.

There are ten ways in which a batsman can be dismissed: five relatively common and five extremely rare. The common forms of dismissal are bowled , [86] caught , [87] leg before wicket lbw , [88] run out [89] and stumped.

If the batsman is out, the umpire raises a forefinger and says "Out! Batsmen take turns to bat via a batting order which is decided beforehand by the team captain and presented to the umpires, though the order remains flexible when the captain officially nominates the team.

In order to begin batting the batsman first adopts a batting stance. Standardly, this involves adopting a slight crouch with the feet pointing across the front of the wicket, looking in the direction of the bowler, and holding the bat so it passes over the feet and so its tip can rest on the ground near to the toes of the back foot.

A skilled batsman can use a wide array of "shots" or "strokes" in both defensive and attacking mode. The idea is to hit the ball to the best effect with the flat surface of the bat's blade.

If the ball touches the side of the bat it is called an " edge ". The batsman does not have to play a shot and can allow the ball to go through to the wicketkeeper.

Equally, he does not have to attempt a run when he hits the ball with his bat. Batsmen do not always seek to hit the ball as hard as possible, and a good player can score runs just by making a deft stroke with a turn of the wrists or by simply "blocking" the ball but directing it away from fielders so that he has time to take a run.

A wide variety of shots are played, the batsman's repertoire including strokes named according to the style of swing and the direction aimed: e.

The batsman on strike i. To register a run, both runners must touch the ground behind the popping crease with either their bats or their bodies the batsmen carry their bats as they run.

Each completed run increments the score of both the team and the striker. The decision to attempt a run is ideally made by the batsman who has the better view of the ball's progress, and this is communicated by calling: usually "yes", "no" or "wait".

More than one run can be scored from a single hit: hits worth one to three runs are common, but the size of the field is such that it is usually difficult to run four or more.

In these cases the batsmen do not need to run. If an odd number of runs is scored by the striker, the two batsmen have changed ends, and the one who was non-striker is now the striker.

Only the striker can score individual runs, but all runs are added to the team's total. Additional runs can be gained by the batting team as extras called "sundries" in Australia due to errors made by the fielding side.

This is achieved in four ways: no-ball , a penalty of one extra conceded by the bowler if he breaks the rules; [] wide , a penalty of one extra conceded by the bowler if he bowls so that the ball is out of the batsman's reach; [] bye , an extra awarded if the batsman misses the ball and it goes past the wicket-keeper and gives the batsmen time to run in the conventional way; [] leg bye , as for a bye except that the ball has hit the batsman's body, though not his bat.

The captain is often the most experienced player in the team, certainly the most tactically astute, and can possess any of the main skillsets as a batsman , a bowler or a wicket-keeper.

Within the Laws, the captain has certain responsibilities in terms of nominating his players to the umpires before the match and ensuring that his players conduct themselves "within the spirit and traditions of the game as well as within the Laws".

The wicket-keeper sometimes called simply the "keeper" is a specialist fielder subject to various rules within the Laws about his equipment and demeanour.

He is the only member of the fielding side who can effect a stumping and is the only one permitted to wear gloves and external leg guards.

Generally, a team will include five or six specialist batsmen and four or five specialist bowlers, plus the wicket-keeper.

The game on the field is regulated by the two umpires , one of whom stands behind the wicket at the bowler's end, the other in a position called "square leg" which is about 15—20 metres away from the batsman on strike and in line with the popping crease on which he is taking guard.

The umpires have several responsibilities including adjudication on whether a ball has been correctly bowled i. The umpires are authorised to interrupt or even abandon a match due to circumstances likely to endanger the players, such as a damp pitch or deterioration of the light.

Off the field in televised matches, there is usually a third umpire who can make decisions on certain incidents with the aid of video evidence. The third umpire is mandatory under the playing conditions for Test and Limited Overs International matches played between two ICC full member countries.

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Crickets often appear as characters in literature. They are kept as pets in countries from China to Europe, sometimes for cricket fighting.

Crickets are efficient at converting their food into body mass , making them a candidate for food production. They are used as human food in Southeast Asia, where they are sold deep-fried in markets as snacks.

They are also used to feed carnivorous pets and zoo animals. In Brazilian folklore, crickets feature as omens of various events.

Crickets are small to medium-sized insects with mostly cylindrical, somewhat vertically flattened bodies. The head is spherical with long slender antennae arising from cone-shaped scapes first segments and just behind these are two large compound eyes.

On the forehead are three ocelli simple eyes. The pronotum first thoracic segment is trapezoidal in shape, robust, and well- sclerotinized.

It is smooth and has neither dorsal nor lateral keels ridges. At the tip of the abdomen is a pair of long cerci paired appendages on rearmost segment , and in females, the ovipositor is cylindrical, long and narrow, smooth and shiny.

The femora third segments of the back pair of legs are greatly enlarged for jumping. The tibiae fourth segments of the hind legs are armed with a number of moveable spurs, the arrangement of which is characteristic of each species.

The tibiae of the front legs bear one or more tympani which are used for the reception of sound. The wings lie flat on the body and are very variable in size between species, being reduced in size in some crickets and missing in others.

The fore wings are elytra made of tough chitin , acting as a protective shield for the soft parts of the body and in males, bear the stridulatory organs for the production of sound.

The hind pair is membranous, folding fan-wise under the fore wings. In many species, the wings are not adapted for flight.

The tree crickets Oecanthinae are delicate white or pale green insects with transparent fore wings, while the field crickets Gryllinae are robust brown or black insects.

They have colonised many large and small islands, sometimes flying over the sea to reach these locations, or perhaps conveyed on floating timber or by human activity.

The greatest diversity occurs in tropical locations, such as in Malaysia, where 88 species were heard chirping from a single location near Kuala Lumpur.

A greater number than this could have been present because some species are mute. Crickets are found in many habitats.

Members of several subfamilies are found in the upper tree canopy , in bushes, and among grasses and herbs. They also occur on the ground and in caves, and some are subterranean, excavating shallow or deep burrows.

Some make home in rotting wood, and certain beach-dwelling species can run and jump over the surface of water.

Crickets are relatively defenceless, soft-bodied insects. Most species are nocturnal and spend the day hidden in cracks, under bark, inside curling leaves, under stones or fallen logs, in leaf litter, or in the cracks in the ground that develop in dry weather.

Some excavate their own shallow holes in rotting wood or underground and fold in their antennae to conceal their presence.

Some of these burrows are temporary shelters, used for a single day, but others serve as more permanent residences and places for mating and laying eggs.

Crickets burrow by loosening the soil with the mandibles and then carrying it with the limbs, flicking it backwards with the hind legs or pushing it with the head.

Other defensive strategies are the use of camouflage , fleeing, and aggression. Some species have adopted colourings, shapes, and patterns that make it difficult for predators that hunt by sight to detect them.

They tend to be dull shades of brown, grey, and green that blend into their background, and desert species tend to be pale.

Some species can fly, but the mode of flight tends to be clumsy, so the most usual response to danger is to scuttle away to find a hiding place.

Most male crickets make a loud chirping sound by stridulation scraping two specially textured wings together.

The stridulatory organ is located on the tegmen , or fore wing, which is leathery in texture. A large vein runs along the centre of each tegmen, with comb-like serrations on its edge forming a file-like structure, and at the rear edge of the tegmen is a scraper.

The tegmina are held at an angle to the body and rhythmically raised and lowered which causes the scraper on one wing to rasp on the file on the other.

The central part of the tegmen contains the "harp", an area of thick, sclerotinized membrane which resonates and amplifies the volume of sound, as does the pocket of air between the tegmina and the body wall.

Most female crickets lack the necessary adaptations to stridulate, so make no sound. Several types of cricket songs are in the repertoire of some species.

The calling song attracts females and repels other males, and is fairly loud. The courting song is used when a female cricket is near and encourages her to mate with the caller.

A triumphal song is produced for a brief period after a successful mating, and may reinforce the mating bond to encourage the female to lay some eggs rather than find another male.

Crickets chirp at different rates depending on their species and the temperature of their environment. The relationship between temperature and the rate of chirping is known as Dolbear's law.

According to this law, counting the number of chirps produced in 14 seconds by the snowy tree cricket , common in the United States , and adding 40 will approximate the temperature in degrees Fahrenheit.

In , Dr. William H. Cade discovered that the parasitic tachinid fly Ormia ochracea is attracted to the song of the cricket, and uses it to locate the male to deposit her larvae on him.

It was the first known example of a natural enemy that locates its host or prey using the mating signal. In response to this selective pressure, a mutation leaving males unable to chirp was observed amongst a population of Teleogryllus oceanicus on the Hawaiian island of Kauai , enabling these crickets to elude their parasitoid predators.

Some species, such as the ground crickets Nemobiinae , are wingless; others have small fore wings and no hind wings Copholandrevus , others lack hind wings and have shortened fore wings in females only, while others are macropterous, with the hind wings longer than the fore wings.

Probably, most species with hind wings longer than fore wings engage in flight. Some species, such as Gryllus assimilis , take off, fly, and land efficiently and well, while other species are clumsy fliers.

In other species, they may be pulled off and consumed by the cricket itself or by another individual, probably providing a nutritional boost.

Gryllus firmus exhibits wing polymorphism ; some individuals have fully functional, long hind wings and others have short wings and cannot fly.

The short-winged females have smaller flight muscles, greater ovarian development, and produce more eggs, so the polymorphism adapts the cricket for either dispersal or reproduction.

In some long-winged individuals, the flight muscles deteriorate during adulthood and the insect's reproductive capabilities improve.

Captive crickets are omnivorous ; when deprived of their natural diet, they accept a wide range of organic foodstuffs.

Some species are completely herbivorous , feeding on flowers, fruit, and leaves, with ground-based species consuming seedlings, grasses, pieces of leaf, and the shoots of young plants.

Others are more predatory and include in their diet invertebrate eggs, larvae, pupae, moulting insects, scale insects , and aphids. Crickets have relatively powerful jaws, and several species have been known to bite humans.

Male crickets establish their dominance over each other by aggression. They start by lashing each other with their antennae and flaring their mandibles.

Kricket Cricket ist ein Schlagballspiel mit zwei Mannschaften. Dabei dreht sich alles um das Duell zwischen dem Werfer und dem Schlagmann. Der Bowler versucht, den Batsman zu einem Fehler zu bewegen, damit dieser ausscheidet, der Batsman seinerseits. Cricket (engl. [ˈkɹɪkɪt]; in Deutschland amtlich Kricket, in den Anfängen auch „​Thorball“) ist ein Schlagballspiel mit zwei Mannschaften. Dabei dreht sich alles. von Ergebnissen oder Vorschlägen für "kricket". Überspringen und zu Haupt-Suchergebnisse gehen. Berechtigt zum kostenfreien Versand. 11 Spieler haben die Möglichkeit auf einen Wurf. Die Punkte gehen in die e, Spiele können bis zu 5 Tage dauern. Kricket ist eine. Diese Diskussionen führen oft zu Veränderungen des Spiels und dessen Regeln. Der Bowler wird durch die anderen Feldspieler unterstützt, die den Ball so schnell wie möglich zurückzubringen Spiele Kostenlos Kartenspiele. Die Naht teilt den Ball in zwei Hälften und steht etwa 1 mm über. Casino Berlin Spandau wollen wir uns das Spiel einmal genauer ansehen: Kurz gesagt : Ein Ball wird vom Werfer ähnlich wie beim Baseball lass das keinen Kricketfan hören!

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